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Can Schizophrenia and Substance Abuse can co-occur together?

Psychiatric disorders like schizophrenia and addiction are frequently found together. Approximately half of those with schizophrenia have a history of substance abuse, according to research.

Substance abuse is common among people with schizophrenia who are trying to self-medicate or deal with depression and anxiety.

Schizophrenia cannot be caused by substance abuse, but it can be triggered by it. After a prolonged period of substance abuse, someone who already has genetic risk factors for schizophrenia may develop an active case of the disorder. Drunkenness, such as the use of marijuana, cocaine, or amphetamines, can exacerbate schizophrenic symptoms and make them worse.

Substance abuse and schizophrenia share many symptoms, making them easy to confuse. Diagnosing schizophrenia and other co-occurring disorders can be challenging in some cases because of this fact. Researchers, on the other hand, are working to improve the accuracy of dual diagnosis by conducting separate but related studies on the disorders.

Symptoms and Consequences of Schizophrenia

There is a wide range of symptoms associated with schizophrenia, making it difficult for the person suffering from it to carry out normal daily tasks. Symptoms can be cognitive, behavioral, or emotional, depending on the person and their specific condition. The following are common signs and symptoms of schizophrenia:

Irrational beliefs

Schizophrenia patients may hold beliefs that aren’t grounded in reality. This kind of delusion can be about anything, and it’s usually the result of erroneous interpretations of sensory data. Delusions can include any of the following:

  • Feeling threatened or harassed by a real or fictitious person
  • Believing one is endowed with extraordinary wealth or mystic abilities.
  • Feeling as if a catastrophe is looming
  • They believe they are someone else, such as a famous or historical figure.
  • Convincing someone with schizophrenia that their delusions are irrational can be difficult.


When someone has hallucinations, they perceive sounds, images, smells, or feelings that do not exist. An individual who is schizophrenic may be engrossed in an experience that has no real foundation in the real world. One of the most common symptoms of schizophrenia is the experience of hearing voices.

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Schizophrenia in Children

What is schizophrenia in children?

Having schizophrenia is a serious mental health issue that needs to be addressed immediately. It’s a chronic and debilitating neurological condition. A child suffering from this disorder will exhibit strange behavior and emotions. It’s possible that he or she will develop psychotic symptoms out of nowhere. To be psychotic means to have irrational ideas, thoughts, or feelings.

It is rare to find schizophrenia in children under the age of 12. Detection is difficult, too, especially early on. Psychotic symptoms often appear in late adolescence or early adolescence. It affects boys more frequently than girls during childhood. During adolescence, however, it has an equal impact on both boys and girls.

What causes schizophrenia in a child?

There isn’t a single cause of schizophrenia. A person’s traits are influenced by a combination of both of their parents’ genes. Unknown environmental factors also come into play. According to experts, it can only be passed down through genetics if there is a chemical imbalance in the child’s brain.

What are the symptoms of schizophrenia in a child?

Slow, long-term changes in behaviour are possible. They could also begin suddenly. It’s possible that the child will become more and more reclusive over time. The child may begin to express strange ideas or fears, and he or she may begin to cling more to their parents.

The signs and symptoms that appear in one child may not appear in another. The following are early warning signs of trouble:

  • Having a hard time distinguishing between dreams and reality (distorted view of reality)
  • Thinking erroneously, such as equating reality television with what you see on TV
  • Thoughts and ideas that are both detailed and bizarre
  • apprehension or worry that something or someone will harm him or her
  • an experience in which you see, hear, or feel something that is not real (hallucinations)
  • Things which appear to be real, but aren’t (delusions)
  • a state of extreme melancholy
  • a great deal of worry or anxiety
  • not expressing one’s feelings when speaking
  • Having difficulty with schoolwork or a decrease in academic success
  • Withdrawal from social interactions, such as difficulty making and maintaining friendships
  • Stress and anxiety spikes without warning
  • acting haphazardly in public or doing personal things in public Catatonic behavior, such as sitting and staring as if the child is unable to move, is another option.
  • Unusual behaviors, like an older child pretending to be much younger

Schizophrenia in children has the same symptoms as schizophrenia in adults. However, the number of children who hear voices is increasing. Delusions and formal thought disorders don’t appear in children until they are in their twenties or older.

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