Tag Archive Schizophrenia treatment in kualalumpur

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What Is the Schizophrenia Spectrum?

Schizophrenia is a long-term mental illness that impairs a person’s ability to think properly, determine reality, manage emotions, relate to others, and perform cognitively.

There are three primary types of symptoms associated with schizophrenia.

Symptoms that are beneficial

Positive signs indicate things that shouldn’t be present, such as

Hearing, smelling, tasting, or experiencing (through touch) things that aren’t there are known as hallucinations.

Delusions are false beliefs that persist even when evidence that they are false is presented. Extreme paranoia or illogical anxieties can be symptoms of this.

Unusual thinking or sloppy speaking are examples of thought disorder.

Consequences

On the other side, negative symptoms are traits that should be present but are missing.

Motivational deficit

Daily life boredom or lack of pleasure

Reduction in speaking and social withdrawal

Showing emotions might be difficult.

Planning, starting, and continuing activities can be difficult.

Having a “flat” appearance (difficulty expressing emotions using facial expression or voice tone)

Symptoms of the Brain

Attention, concentration, and memory issues include the following:

Decision-making difficulties

It’s difficult to put what you’ve learned to use right away.

Concentration or attention problems

These symptoms will be evaluated by a healthcare physician or mental health expert to help diagnose schizophrenia or another psychotic disease.

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Can Schizophrenia and Substance Abuse can co-occur together?

Psychiatric disorders like schizophrenia and addiction are frequently found together. Approximately half of those with schizophrenia have a history of substance abuse, according to research.

Substance abuse is common among people with schizophrenia who are trying to self-medicate or deal with depression and anxiety.

Schizophrenia cannot be caused by substance abuse, but it can be triggered by it. After a prolonged period of substance abuse, someone who already has genetic risk factors for schizophrenia may develop an active case of the disorder. Drunkenness, such as the use of marijuana, cocaine, or amphetamines, can exacerbate schizophrenic symptoms and make them worse.

Substance abuse and schizophrenia share many symptoms, making them easy to confuse. Diagnosing schizophrenia and other co-occurring disorders can be challenging in some cases because of this fact. Researchers, on the other hand, are working to improve the accuracy of dual diagnosis by conducting separate but related studies on the disorders.

Symptoms and Consequences of Schizophrenia

There is a wide range of symptoms associated with schizophrenia, making it difficult for the person suffering from it to carry out normal daily tasks. Symptoms can be cognitive, behavioral, or emotional, depending on the person and their specific condition. The following are common signs and symptoms of schizophrenia:

Irrational beliefs

Schizophrenia patients may hold beliefs that aren’t grounded in reality. This kind of delusion can be about anything, and it’s usually the result of erroneous interpretations of sensory data. Delusions can include any of the following:

  • Feeling threatened or harassed by a real or fictitious person
  • Believing one is endowed with extraordinary wealth or mystic abilities.
  • Feeling as if a catastrophe is looming
  • They believe they are someone else, such as a famous or historical figure.
  • Convincing someone with schizophrenia that their delusions are irrational can be difficult.

Hallucinations

When someone has hallucinations, they perceive sounds, images, smells, or feelings that do not exist. An individual who is schizophrenic may be engrossed in an experience that has no real foundation in the real world. One of the most common symptoms of schizophrenia is the experience of hearing voices.

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Schizophrenia in Children

What is schizophrenia in children?

Having schizophrenia is a serious mental health issue that needs to be addressed immediately. It’s a chronic and debilitating neurological condition. A child suffering from this disorder will exhibit strange behavior and emotions. It’s possible that he or she will develop psychotic symptoms out of nowhere. To be psychotic means to have irrational ideas, thoughts, or feelings.

It is rare to find schizophrenia in children under the age of 12. Detection is difficult, too, especially early on. Psychotic symptoms often appear in late adolescence or early adolescence. It affects boys more frequently than girls during childhood. During adolescence, however, it has an equal impact on both boys and girls.

What causes schizophrenia in a child?

There isn’t a single cause of schizophrenia. A person’s traits are influenced by a combination of both of their parents’ genes. Unknown environmental factors also come into play. According to experts, it can only be passed down through genetics if there is a chemical imbalance in the child’s brain.

What are the symptoms of schizophrenia in a child?

Slow, long-term changes in behaviour are possible. They could also begin suddenly. It’s possible that the child will become more and more reclusive over time. The child may begin to express strange ideas or fears, and he or she may begin to cling more to their parents.

The signs and symptoms that appear in one child may not appear in another. The following are early warning signs of trouble:

  • Having a hard time distinguishing between dreams and reality (distorted view of reality)
  • Thinking erroneously, such as equating reality television with what you see on TV
  • Thoughts and ideas that are both detailed and bizarre
  • apprehension or worry that something or someone will harm him or her
  • an experience in which you see, hear, or feel something that is not real (hallucinations)
  • Things which appear to be real, but aren’t (delusions)
  • a state of extreme melancholy
  • a great deal of worry or anxiety
  • not expressing one’s feelings when speaking
  • Having difficulty with schoolwork or a decrease in academic success
  • Withdrawal from social interactions, such as difficulty making and maintaining friendships
  • Stress and anxiety spikes without warning
  • acting haphazardly in public or doing personal things in public Catatonic behavior, such as sitting and staring as if the child is unable to move, is another option.
  • Unusual behaviors, like an older child pretending to be much younger

Schizophrenia in children has the same symptoms as schizophrenia in adults. However, the number of children who hear voices is increasing. Delusions and formal thought disorders don’t appear in children until they are in their twenties or older.

Image Credit :

https://www.verywellhealth.com/early-signs-schizophrenia-5101519