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What Is the Schizophrenia Spectrum?

Schizophrenia is a long-term mental illness that impairs a person’s ability to think properly, determine reality, manage emotions, relate to others, and perform cognitively.

There are three primary types of symptoms associated with schizophrenia.

Symptoms that are beneficial

Positive signs indicate things that shouldn’t be present, such as

Hearing, smelling, tasting, or experiencing (through touch) things that aren’t there are known as hallucinations.

Delusions are false beliefs that persist even when evidence that they are false is presented. Extreme paranoia or illogical anxieties can be symptoms of this.

Unusual thinking or sloppy speaking are examples of thought disorder.


On the other side, negative symptoms are traits that should be present but are missing.

Motivational deficit

Daily life boredom or lack of pleasure

Reduction in speaking and social withdrawal

Showing emotions might be difficult.

Planning, starting, and continuing activities can be difficult.

Having a “flat” appearance (difficulty expressing emotions using facial expression or voice tone)

Symptoms of the Brain

Attention, concentration, and memory issues include the following:

Decision-making difficulties

It’s difficult to put what you’ve learned to use right away.

Concentration or attention problems

These symptoms will be evaluated by a healthcare physician or mental health expert to help diagnose schizophrenia or another psychotic disease.

We at Serene Psychology and addiction treatment center give emphasis on all the people coming for all kinds of addiction and psychological problems. To know more about our services or to book an appointment Call / WhatsApp at +60 14-687 2268 or visit our website https://sereneretreat.my


Schizophrenia in Children

What is schizophrenia in children?

Having schizophrenia is a serious mental health issue that needs to be addressed immediately. It’s a chronic and debilitating neurological condition. A child suffering from this disorder will exhibit strange behavior and emotions. It’s possible that he or she will develop psychotic symptoms out of nowhere. To be psychotic means to have irrational ideas, thoughts, or feelings.

It is rare to find schizophrenia in children under the age of 12. Detection is difficult, too, especially early on. Psychotic symptoms often appear in late adolescence or early adolescence. It affects boys more frequently than girls during childhood. During adolescence, however, it has an equal impact on both boys and girls.

What causes schizophrenia in a child?

There isn’t a single cause of schizophrenia. A person’s traits are influenced by a combination of both of their parents’ genes. Unknown environmental factors also come into play. According to experts, it can only be passed down through genetics if there is a chemical imbalance in the child’s brain.

What are the symptoms of schizophrenia in a child?

Slow, long-term changes in behaviour are possible. They could also begin suddenly. It’s possible that the child will become more and more reclusive over time. The child may begin to express strange ideas or fears, and he or she may begin to cling more to their parents.

The signs and symptoms that appear in one child may not appear in another. The following are early warning signs of trouble:

  • Having a hard time distinguishing between dreams and reality (distorted view of reality)
  • Thinking erroneously, such as equating reality television with what you see on TV
  • Thoughts and ideas that are both detailed and bizarre
  • apprehension or worry that something or someone will harm him or her
  • an experience in which you see, hear, or feel something that is not real (hallucinations)
  • Things which appear to be real, but aren’t (delusions)
  • a state of extreme melancholy
  • a great deal of worry or anxiety
  • not expressing one’s feelings when speaking
  • Having difficulty with schoolwork or a decrease in academic success
  • Withdrawal from social interactions, such as difficulty making and maintaining friendships
  • Stress and anxiety spikes without warning
  • acting haphazardly in public or doing personal things in public Catatonic behavior, such as sitting and staring as if the child is unable to move, is another option.
  • Unusual behaviors, like an older child pretending to be much younger

Schizophrenia in children has the same symptoms as schizophrenia in adults. However, the number of children who hear voices is increasing. Delusions and formal thought disorders don’t appear in children until they are in their twenties or older.

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What is Schizophrenia and its common symptoms

Schizophrenia is a chronic brain disorder that affects about one percent of the population. When schizophrenia is active, symptoms can include delusions, hallucinations, trouble with thinking and concentration, and lack of motivation. However, when these symptoms are treated, most people with schizophrenia will greatly improve over time.


When the disease is active, it can be characterized by episodes in which the patient is unable to distinguish between real and unreal experiences. As with any illness, the severity, duration and frequency of symptoms can vary; however, in persons with schizophrenia, the incidence of severe psychotic symptoms often decreases during a patient’s lifetime. Not taking medications as prescribed, use of alcohol or illicit drugs, and stressful situations tend to increase symptoms. Symptoms fall into several categories:

  • Positive psychotic symptoms: Hallucinations, such as hearing voices, paranoid delusions and exaggerated or distorted perceptions, beliefs and behaviors.
  • Negative symptoms: A loss or a decrease in the ability to initiate plans, speak, express emotion or find pleasure.
  • Disorganization symptoms: Confused and disordered thinking and speech, trouble with logical thinking and sometimes bizarre behavior or abnormal movements.
  • Impaired cognition: Problems with attention, concentration, memory and declining educational performance.

Symptoms usually first appear in early adulthood. Men often experience symptoms in their early 20s and women often first show signs in their late 20s and early 30s. More subtle signs may be present earlier, including troubled relationships, poor school performance and reduced motivation. It is rarely diagnosed in children or adolescents.

Once the symptoms occur, the next step is to consult a mental health professional or mental health treatment center near you. In Malaysia, there are various mental health treatment centers; among them one of the best is “Serene Retreat Psychology Center” It is located in Kualaumpur Malaysia. You can reach us via Call/Whatsapp +60146872268 or visit our website www.sereneretreat.com.my.

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